The view from the air marked a new stage in the process of circulating reference by which a forest became a road, became an agricultural colony, one in which the land was abstracted into building blocks used to form new modern eco-assemblages.
In 1967 Arturo Solís Tovar, a cartographer, explorer and engineer for Peru’s Roads Department, compiled a series of maps and corresponding longitudinal profiles of what was then becoming the Carretera Marginal de la Selva.
In early 1962, Fernando Belaúnde’s nephew, Miguel Cruchaga, along with his colleague and fellow graduate of the Faculty of Architecture, Alberto Cerritelli, presented an early manifestation of a directed self-build organized around what was now being called the concept of popular cooperation.
As an institution, Cooperación Popular (or COOPOP) was born on August 17, 1963; its stated goal was to harness local forms of collective labour in small-scale construction projects such as schools, community markets, comedores populares, and local branch roads.
Walter Miranda has worked for the Peruvian Ministry of Transport since before it was the Ministry of Transport. A long-time resident of Moyobamba, he had first-hand experience of the building that took place along the Tarapoto-Río Nieva segment of La Marginal in the late 1960s and early 1970s.